Poverty is seen as the opposite of well-being. Beyond a lack of income, the multidimensional concept of poverty also refers to disadvantages in access to land, credit and services (e.g. health and education), vulnerability (towards violence, external economic shocks, natural disasters), powerlessness and social exclusion.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) facilitate the creation, storage, management and dissemination of information by electronic means. This definition includes radio, television, elephone, fax, computer and the Internet. ICT applications in developing countries are often part of an overall strategy for economic growth, relying on the trickle down effect to those in poverty. The limitations of this approach are well known. Effective poverty reduction requires a more targeted approach.
Drawing on examples from development projects in South America, Africa and Asia, the book aims to encourage development professionals to explore the potential of video in development, making it a more coherent, better understood and properly used development tool. Specifically, it seeks to give decision-makers greater insight into the subject in order to support decisions on the strategic use of video in development.
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The report gives an overview of the impact of mobiles on socio-economic development and how they can facilitate equity-based programming. It also highlights key trends in the sector, including mobile telephone and Internet usage, and common themes in mobile operators’ business strategy and corporate social responsibility.
Evidence from 14 country studies (Bangladesh, Egypt, Ghana, Iraq, Kosovo, Lao PDR, Malawi, Mongolia, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Uganda, Zambia) suggest that mobile tools can provide cost effective interventions, overcome bottlenecks to services, and enable communities to maximize the impact of available resources.
After a short chapter setting out the context, it explores the roles information and communication processes play in all of the key elements that foster development:(1) in equitable and inclusive political processes; (2) in national and international governance processes that are effective, responsive and accountable; (3) in supporting engaged citizens and dynamic civil society; (4) in generating inclusive economic growth, sustainable livelihoods and transparent, efficient and equitable markets; and (5) in establishing and protecting a free, pluralistic media environment in which media outputs are many and diverse but also of high quality.
Using case study examples, the paper outlines how ICT applications for the agriculture sector range from the highly sophisticated, fully-integrated chain-wide agri-business service packages used by the most commercial farmers, down to basic voice and text messaging that is being used very effectively by less resourced smallholder farmers and traders. To take advantage of this marketplace, the private sector, NGOs and governments are investing in a range of new tools to link farmers with assets, services and markets.
Farmers participate are engaged in the development of the farm radio programming as central agents of the knowledge sharing process. A series of farm radio programs are designed to enable farmers to improve their agricultural practices and ultimately their food security. This report discusses the key findings from an evaluation of 15 PRCs developed by FRI with partner radio stations in five African countries – Tanzania, Uganda, Mali, Ghana, and Malawi.
Participation of the community is an important feature of almost all stations participating in the survey. In all regions, involvement in programming is strongest. Results show that “traditional” forms of listener involvement, such as participation in talk shows or call-in programmes − which can also be found at public or commercial radio stations – are most frequent in local/community radios. Participation in management, ownership and funding are less common.
In particular Chapter 2 examines the emerging uses of mobile services in agriculture, as well as remote and satellite technologies that are assisting in food traceability, sensory detection, and status updates from the field.
With a view of informing CCAFS strategy in this area, it presents a theoretical framework for understanding social learning and communication approaches and reviews the current landscape of methods, tools and decision aids in communicating climate change in the context of development. It explores user needs and perceptions, reviews the challenges of communicating complex issues and scientific evidence as well as relevant local knowledge, includes case studies from the CGIAR network of institutions and finally provides recommendations for adopting a social learning approach to communicating climate change and adaptation.
 This report summarises feedback, evaluation and lessons learned when designing ICT for development programmes.
The ICT-based Social Innovation Process enables diverse stakeholders to set priorities for strengthening the sectors they have an interest in, shape their sector’s development path, and design how their organisations will use ICT tools to empower their staff and their beneficiaries to create positive change. From its inception, IICD has thus always regarded ICT as tools whose power can be harnessed by people in developing countries to shape their own development rather than technology being a goal.